Environment and policy of the hottest packaging wa

2022-08-16
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Environment and policy of packaging waste (Part 2)

1 At present, it is not suitable for China to carry out special management of packaging waste.

it is the practice of many countries to carry out special management of packaging through separate legislation, but many countries have not implemented it. For example, unlike the European Union and most of its Member States, the United States has no national special regulations on the recycling of packaging waste, only a small number of state-level regulations on packaging management, and there are fewer mandatory regulations and more economic policies. According to the current national conditions of China, this paper believes that it is not suitable to carry out special management of packaging waste for the time being. The main reasons are as follows: first, although the management of packaging waste in various countries has three levels: reduction, recycling and reuse, the core of legislative management is still to improve the recycling level of packaging waste. However, the amount of packaging waste in China's urban domestic waste is limited, the recycling rate is high, and the potential for further recycling is small, The cost of formulating policies to promote the improvement of recovery level is high. Second, from the perspective of the environmental impact of packaging waste, in addition to some plastic products and synthetic materials that are difficult to degrade in packaging waste, other types of packaging materials, such as cardboard, glass and other materials, have a limited impact on the environment after they are discarded. However, the cost of separating them from the waste for special transportation and treatment is high, and the management is also difficult. Third, as packaging is an important part of most commodity production, it is closely related to all links of product production, circulation, consumption and so on. Therefore, the management policy for packaging will have a multifaceted impact on many actors, and this impact is uncertain. For example, the packaging fee and tax system has a large impact, so we should be cautious. In short, copying the management policies of developed countries such as implementing the producer principle and determining the recycling target of packaging waste is not in line with the fact that Jinan experimental machine factory in China reminds you that you should regularly check the various sprockets on the electronic universal experimental machine, and these policies also have some limitations. Therefore, under the current conditions in China, it is more economical and effective to treat packaging waste as general waste

2. Focus on the management of excessive packaging and packaging waste that is harmful to the environment

although it is not appropriate for China to implement special management of general packaging waste at present, the management of certain types of packaging waste cannot be ignored. Excessive packaging, refractory plastics and other wastes need to be strengthened management. In these specific areas, we can learn from the useful experience of foreign countries and adopt various means of comprehensive management, such as legislation, administration, economy, publicity and education. As far as excessive packaging is concerned, legislative measures can be taken to limit it, or necessary economic means can be supplemented. The biggest difficulty lies in how to determine the standard of whether the packaging is excessive and how to supervise the implementation, which need to be further investigated and studied. As for plastic waste that is difficult to degrade, it also needs to be strictly managed on the basis of further analysis. There are many kinds of waste plastics. Although some plastics, such as PET bottles, have a high recovery rate, how to formulate and implement scientific standards and standardize recycling behavior is important to protect a high recovery level; The recycling level is reduced by 69% year-on-year, and the treatment of packaging materials with relatively low environmental hazards, such as plastic bags, disposable foamed plastics and agricultural plastics, should be paid enough attention to. In January, 1999, the State Economic and Trade Commission promulgated the regulations on the elimination of disposable foamed plastic tableware at the end of 2000, which played an important role in banning the use and waste of this material in the country. Although there were some difficulties in the implementation of the policy at the initial stage, it has proved to be a relatively successful policy. In short, the management policy of packaging waste should focus on the most prominent aspects of the problem

3. Actively implement the life cycle assessment system of packaging environmental impact

the impact of packaging on the environment needs to be investigated from the whole life cycle of packaging, and the environmental impact of packaging waste cannot be used as the basis for policy formulation and implementation. Life cycle assessment of packaging environmental impact is an important basic work, because packaging products are very different, and their environmental impacts are also different, so it is necessary to carry out category by category and item by item, and gradually form a system. The implementation of this system can not only accumulate enough basic data to provide a basis for future management decisions, but also strengthen the environmental awareness of packaging enterprises and urge them to comprehensively reduce the environmental impact of packaging from the whole life cycle and the whole process of packaging. The life cycle assessment system of packaging environmental impact is worthy of in-depth study and promotion

4. Seriously consider the impact of packaging waste management regulations on trade

with the attention paid to the environmental problems of packaging waste, many developed countries have formulated and implemented various forms of management policies, such as legislation, economy, publicity and education, in order to reduce the quantity and toxicity of packaging materials and encourage the recycling of packaging waste, and have accumulated a lot of practical experience. These experiences are positive and negative. When the absorption and floating fiber on the surface of the material have been well improved, we must make choices, especially in combination with China's specific national conditions. It is worth noting that after China's accession to the WTO, it is imperative that all environmental laws and regulations be in line with international standards. Many foreign countries have strict management regulations on packaging, while China has no corresponding management measures, which will have a negative impact on China's foreign trade. This is also a very important and urgent problem, which needs further study

as a developing country, China has limited funds for environmental protection, so policy design must consider both achieving environmental goals and being economical and effective, and both doing something and not doing something. So should the formulation of packaging waste management policies. Not all packaging waste has become a common and prominent environmental problem. Therefore, at present, China should not pay a high economic cost to achieve specific environmental goals like developed countries, but should invest limited funds and energy into the most urgent areas, solve the more prominent problem of excessive packaging, and strengthen the management of packaging waste that is more harmful to the environment, Establish the life cycle assessment system of packaging environmental impact and other important basic work, and study important practical issues such as trade policies related to packaging

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